Having trouble sleeping? Read this post. It's about category error. See how many paragraphs you can get through before you nod off.
Consider the statement: "nothing doesn't exist". Two meanings, apparently contradictory.
There is no thing that does not exist, ie there is NOT a thing that does not exist. Trivial. Ho-hum. Because "there is" = "exists". Once you use the words "there is" you bring existence into existence. By simple virtue of there being a thing, existence happens. Or in other words, being = existence. Every thing that exists, exists. Big deal.
This meaning is tautologous and general/plural: of all the things that exist...
There IS a thing, to which we refer by the word "nothing", that doesn't exist. In fact, non-existence is either one of its qualities, or is its only quality. But if there is such a thing, then it exists, despite having non-existence as a quality. In fact, if it has a quality, then it exists. Because only something that exists can have qualities.
This meaning is paradoxical and singular: there is a thing...
On the face of it, the two meanings contradict each other. On the one hand, nothing exists. On the other, it doesn't exist.
But in fact the contradiction is illusory, there is no paradox. What there is, is "category error": it's that golden oldie, comparing oranges and apples. In the current example, concerning nothing, the error emerges when we equate the thing itself (nothing), with the word for or name of the thing, ("nothing").
There's no paradox in a thing and a word manifesting contradictory qualities: one is a thing, the other is a word. Bang! there's one difference right away. Although, words are things too... But not all things are words.
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