Words can't be trusted. They are shifty and unreliable. Their meaning keeps changing.
Take the word "intelligence", for example. Intelligence is much smarter than it used to be.
It used to be that a certain dexterity with numbers, letters and patterns was labelled as "intelligence". Then dexterity with people and relationships was labelled as "emotional intelligence", initially by Daniel Goleman (pictured) and others.
Lurking in the wings, perhaps, is "spiritual intelligence": dexterity with the Universe in general, a cleverness with the divine, so to speak...
The Universe herself is another good example of the treachery of language.Since the arrival of "multiverse" -- along with "maxiverse", "megaverse", "polyverse", "pocket universe" and others -- the universe is no longer big enough. The word just doesn't mean what it used to.
Words are nothing more than labels that we stick to things, labels we invent in the first place.
Sometimes we get mixed up between the label and the thing the label is stuck to, between the word and the thing that the word refers to. Sometimes we forget that we created the labels in the first place. Today the label "universe" is being stuck to things that didn't even exist when the label was first applied.
Human language is devised by humans for use by humans in the context of being human.
The following excerpts are from Wikipedia (August 2015).
The model introduced by Daniel Goleman focuses on EI as a wide array of competencies and skills that drive leadership performance. Goleman's model outlines five main EI constructs (for more details see "What Makes A Leader" by Daniel Goleman, best of Harvard Business Review 1998):
- Self-awareness – the ability to know one's emotions, strengths, weaknesses, drives, values and goals and recognize their impact on others while using gut feelings to guide decisions.
- Self-regulation – involves controlling or redirecting one's disruptive emotions and impulses and adapting to changing circumstances.
- Social skill – managing relationships to move people in the desired direction
- Empathy - considering other people's feelings especially when making decisions
- Motivation - being driven to achieve for the sake of achievement.
Main article: Religiosity and emotional intelligence
A small 2004 study by Ellen Paek empirically examined the extent to which religiosity, operationalized as religious orientation and religious behaviour, is related to the controversial idea of emotional intelligence (EI).
The study examined the extent to which religious orientation and behavior were related to self-reported (EI) in 148 church attending adult Christians. (non-religious individuals were not part of the study). The study found that the individuals' self-reported religious orientation was positively correlated with their perceiving themselves to have greater EI. While the number of religious group activities was positively associated with perceived EI, number of years of church attendance was unrelated. Significant positive correlations were also found between level of religious commitment and perceived EI. Thus, the Christian volunteers were more likely to consider themselves emotionally intelligent if they spent more time in group activities and had more commitment to their beliefs.
Tischler, Biberman and McKeage warn that there is still ambiguity in the above concepts. In their 2002 article, entitled “Linking emotional intelligence, spirituality and workplace performance: Definitions, models and ideas for research”, they reviewed literature on both EI and various aspect of spirituality. They found that both EI and spirituality appear to lead to similar attitudes, behaviors and skills, and that there often seems to be confusion, intersection and linking between the two constructs.
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